The Autódromo Juan y Oscar Gálvez is a motor racing circuit in Buenos Aires, Argentina built in 1952 under president Juan Perón, named Autódromo 17 de Octubre until Perón's overthrow, as 17 October was a date of great significance to his political party. Twenty Formula One Argentine Grand Prix races were held in the Autódromo between 1953 and 1998. The 1000 km Buenos Aires sports car event used the Autódromo from 1954 to 1960 and from 1970 to 1972, The Buenos Aires Grand Prix was held in the Autódromo from 1930 to 2009. The Argentine motorcycle Grand Prix race was held in the Autódromo between 1961 and 1999.
The circuit is located in a park in the southern part of the city, and is situated on flat lands surrounded by large grandstands, giving most spectators an excellent view area of the whole circuit. Some races were run without the twisty infield section, reducing lap times significantly. The 1000 km Buenos Aires sports car event used the Autódromo as well as sections of highway situated near the track from 1954 to 1960. The 1000 km event would return again from 1970 to 1972, but using just the Autódromo section.
The 20 Formula One Argentine Grand Prix races were held in the Autódromo between 1953 and 1998. Formula One used a number of different configurations—the No.4 circuit was used from 1954–1960, the No.9 circuit was used from 1971–1973, and the very fast No.15 layout was used from 1974–1981 which added 2 long straights and a long third corner between the two straights often taken in top gear totally flat out, which provided an exciting view for spectators, especially when the cars exited the third corner often on the brink of spinning off or crashing at 180–190 mph. The twisty No.6 configuration was used from 1995–1998. The Argentine Grand Prix was dropped from the 1982 calendar because of Argentina's invasion of the Falkland Islands and Carlos Reutemann's sudden retirement after the 1982 Brazilian Grand Prix. The 10 Argentine motorcycle Grand Prix race were held in the Autódromo between 1961 and 1999. The Buenos Aires Grand Prix was held in the Autódromo from 1930 to 2009.
The 2007, 2008, 2010 and 2011 Creamfields editions were held in the track, The Chemical Brothers, Carl Cox, John Digweed, LCD Soundsystem, James Zabiela, 2 Many DJs, Tiefschwarz, Steve Lawler, Satoshi Tomiie, Booka Shade, Deadmau5, David Guetta, Calvin Harris, among others playing here.
No. 6 circuit (1952–present)
- Major events: Argentine Grand Prix, Turismo Carretera, TC2000, World Sportscar Championship
No. 15 circuit (1968–present)
- Surface: Asphalt
- Length: 4.206 km (2.614 mi)
- Turns: 19
- Lap record: 1:27.981 (Austria Gerhard Berger, Benetton-Renault, 1997)
No. 9 circuit (1952–present)
- Length: 5.968 km (3.708 mi)
- Turns: 16
- Lap record: 1:42.665 (Brazil Nelson Piquet, Brabham-Ford, 1981, Formula One)
No. 2 circuit (1952–1967)
- Length: 3.346 km (2.079 mi)
- Turns: 14
- Lap record: 1:10.540 (Switzerland Clay Regazzoni, BRM, 1973, Formula One)
- Length: 3.912 km (2.431 mi)
- Turns: 13
- Lap record: 1:36.1 (United Kingdom Stirling Moss, Cooper-Climax, 1960, Formula One)