Gran Paradiso National Park is an Italian national park in the Graian Alps, between the Aosta Valley and Piedmont regions. The park is named after Gran Paradiso mountain, which is located in the park. The land the park encompasses was initially protected in order to protect the Alpine ibex, but now also protects other species.
The park's woods are important because they provide shelter for a large number of animals. They are a natural defence against landslides, avalanches, and flooding. The two main types of woods found in the park are coniferous and deciduous woods.
Larches are the most common trees in the forests on the valley floors. They are mixed with spruces, Swiss stone pines, and more rarely silver firs.
Alpine Ibex graze in the abundant mountain pastures in summer, and descend to lower elevations in winter. Gran Paradiso's pairing with Vanoise National Park provides year-round protection to the ibex. Along with the ibex, the animal species found in the park include ermine, weasel, hare, Eurasian badger, alpine chamois and maybe even wolf and lynx. The ibex and chamois spend most of the year above the tree line. They descend to the valleys in the winter and spring. Alpine Marmot forage on plants along the snow line.
There are more than 100 bird species in the park, including Eurasian Eagle-owl, Rock Ptarmigan, Alpine Accentor, and Chough. Golden Eagles nest on rocky ledges, and sometimes in trees. Wallcreeper are found on steep cliffs. There are Black Woodpeckers and Nutcrackers in the park's woodlands.
The park supports many species of butterflies including apollos, peak whites, and southern white admirals.