Munich Airport (IATA: MUC, ICAO: EDDM), is an international airport located 28.5 km (17.7 mi) northeast of Munich, Germany, and is a hub for Lufthansa and Star Alliance partner airlines. It lies near the old city of Freising and is named in memory of politician Franz Josef Strauss. The airport is located on the territory of four different municipalities: Oberding (location of the terminals; district of Erding), Hallbergmoos, Freising and Marzling (district of Freising).
Between 1995 and 2006, passenger numbers doubled from under 15 million per annum to over 30 million, despite the impact of the September 11 attacks in 2001 and 2002. In 1996, the airport overtook Düsseldorf as Germany’s second busiest airport and currently handles almost twice as many passengers as the country’s third busiest airport. However Berlin is expected to catch up once operational as the city's single airport in 2013. Munich Airport serves as Lufthansa’s second hub in Germany besides Frankfurt.
Munich Airport is the second busiest airport in Germany in terms of passenger traffic behind Frankfurt Airport, and the sixth busiest airport in Europe, handling 37,763,701 passengers in 2011.It is the world's 12th busiest airport in terms of international passenger traffic, and was the 27th busiest airport in the world in 2011.
Terminals And Facilities
Most of the airport's facilities are located in the area between the two runways. The approach road and railway divide the west part into a southern half, which contains cargo and maintenance facilities, and a northern half, which contains mostly administrative buildings, a holiday long-term parking lot and the Visitors' Centre. It is followed by the west apron and Terminal 1, then the Munich Airport Center (MAC), Terminal 2 and the east apron.
Terminal 1 is the older terminal and commenced operation when the airport was opened on 17 May 1992. It has a total capacity of 25 m passengers per annum and is subdivided into five Modules designated with capital letters A, B, C, D and E. Modules A through D provide all facilities necessary to handle departures and arrivals, including landside drive-by lanes and parking, whereas module E is only equipped to handle arrivals. This design essentially makes each module a self-contained sub-terminal of its own, which is small and comfortable despite the total size of the terminal. Hall F is separate, located near Terminal 2 and handles flights with increased security requirements, i.e. those to Israel. Further, checkin for some flights departing from Terminal 1 is located in the Central Area Z (German: Zentralbereich).
Terminal 2 commenced operation on 29 June 2003. As Terminal 1, it has a design capacity of 25 million passengers per annum. However, having been designed as a hub terminal for Lufthansa and Star Alliance members, it is not divided into modules. Instead, all facilities are arranged around a central Plaza.Due to security regulations imposed by the European Union, the terminal has been equipped with facilities to handle passengers from countries considered insecure, i.e. not implementing the same regulations. This required the construction of a new level as, unlike other airports, the terminal does not have separate areas for arriving and departing passengers. The new level 06 opened on January 15, 2009.
Visitor Viewing Facilities
The airport authorities have set out to cater for visitors and sight-seers by creating a 'Visitors Park' which includes a 'Visitors Hill' from which a good view can be obtained of the westerly aircraft apron and Terminal 1. This is served by a railway station named 'Besucherpark'. The view from the hill is shown in the above image. There are three historic aircraft on display in the park, a Super Constellation, a Douglas DC-3 and a Junkers Ju 52/3m. There is also a visitors viewing terrace on the roof of Terminal 2 that gives a view of the easterly aircraft apron.