Mount Royal is a mountain in the city of Montreal
, immediately west of downtown Montreal, Quebec
, Canada, the city to which it gave its name. The mountain is part of the Monteregian Hills situated between the Laurentians and the Appalachians. It gave its Latin name, Mons Regius, to the Monteregian chain.
The mountain consists of three peaks: Colline de la Croix at 233 m, Colline d'Outremont
at 211 m, and Westmount
at 201 m (659 ft) elevation above mean sea level. At this height, it might be otherwise considered a hill, but it has always been called a mountain, given there are no actual mountains in the Montéregie region.
The first Mount Royal Cross
was placed there in 1643 by Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve, the founder of the city, in fulfillment of a vow he made to the Virgin Mary when praying to her to stop a disastrous flood. Today, the mountain is crowned by a 31.4 m (103 ft)-high illuminated cross, installed in 1924 by the Société Saint-Jean-Baptiste and now owned by the city.
Mount Royal Park
The mountain is the site of Mount Royal Park (in French: Parc du Mont-Royal
), one of Montreal's largest greenspaces. The park was designed by Frederick Law Olmsted, who also designed New York's Central Park, and inaugurated in 1876, although not completed to his design.
Olmsted had planned to emphasize the mountainous topography through the use of vegetation. Shade trees at the bottom of the carriage path would resemble a valley. As the visitor went higher, the vegetation would get more sparse to give the illusion of exaggerated height.City officials wanted a reservoir atop the mountain instead and Olmsted planned a grand promenade around it.Other features of the park are Beaver Lake, a small man-made lake.
The park is also home to the CBC's Mount Royal transmitter facility, which comprises two large buildings (one used primarily by the CBC and one used by the private television stations) and a very short (about 100 m (328 ft)) candelabra tower.
There are two cemeteries in the area: Notre Dame des Neiges Cemetery (Catholic), Mount Royal Cemetery
(non-denominational but primarily Protestant, and including several small Jewish cemeteries) — all of which are now running out of space.