Córdoba also called Cordova in English, is a city in Andalusia, southern Spain, and the capital of the province of Córdoba. An Iberian and Roman city in ancient times, in the Middle Ages it became the capital of an Islamic caliphate. The old town contains numerous architectural reminders of when Corduba was the capital of Hispania Ulterior during the Roman Republic and capital of Hispania Baetica during the Roman Empire; and when Qurṭubah was the capital of the Islamic Caliphate of Córdoba, including most of the Iberian Peninsula.
It has been estimated that in the 10th century and beginning of the 11th century, Córdoba was the most populous city in the world, and during these centuries became the intellectual centre of Europe. Today it is a moderately-sized modern city; its population in 2011 was 330,033.
Córdoba has a Subtropical- Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csa). City has the highest summer average daily temperatures in Europe (averaging 36.2 °C (97 °F) in July) and days with temperature over 40 °C (104 °F) are common in the summer months. August's 24 hour average of 27.2 °C (81 °F) is also among the highest in Europe, despite having relatively cool nightly temperatures.
The city is home to 12 Christian churches that were built (many as transformations of mosques) by Ferdinand III of Castile after the reconquest of the city in the 13th century. They were to act both as churches and as the administrative centres in the neighborhoods into which the city was divided in medieval times.
Tourism is especially intense in Córdoba during May because of the weather and as this month hosts three festivals. The May Crosses Festival takes place at the beginning of the month. During three or four days, crosses of around 3 m height are placed in many squares and streets and decorated with flowers and a contest is held to choose the most beautiful one. Usually there is regional food and music near the crosses.
The Patios Festival is celebrated during the second and third week of the month. Many houses of the historic centre open their private patios to the public and compete in a contest. Both the architectonic value and the floral decorations are taken into consideration to choose the winners. It is usually very difficult and expensive to find accommodation in the city during the festival.
The city is connected by high speed trains to the following Spanish cities: Madrid, Barcelona, Seville, Málaga and Zaragoza. More than 20 trains per day connect the downtown area, in 54 minutes, with Málaga María Zambrano station, which provides interchange capability to destinations along the Costa del Sol, including Málaga Airport.
Gardens, Parks And Natural Environments
- Jardines de la Victoria
- Jardines de la Agricultura
- Parque de Miraflores
- Parque Cruz Conde
- Roman Bridge
- San Rafael Bridge
- Andalusia Bridge
- Autovía del Sur Bridge
- Abbas Ibn Firmas Bridge
- Archeological and Ethnological Museum of Córdoba.
- Julio Romero de Torres Museum.
- Museum of Fine Arts.
- Dioceses Museum.
- Baths of the Fortress Califal.
- Botanical Museum of Cordova.
- Three Cultures Museum.
- Bullfighting Museum.
- Molino de Martos Hydraulic Museum.
- Gran Teatro de Córdoba.
- Teatro Axerquía.
- Teatro Góngora.