A city in Badajoz where many different cultures, knowledge and artistic styles overlap, from prehistoric times to Gothic and Baroque. It is surrounded by meadows with excellent pasture for stockbreeding, the base of the local economy. Its old town has been declared Property of Cultural Interest.
The origins of Jerez de los Caballeros date from the time of the Phoenicians, although it has always been inhabited by the various cultures who arrived on the Peninsula. The oldest archaeological finding in the area is the dolmen at the Granja de Torrinuelo, declared a National Monument and beside which were found paintings and an interesting burial treasure. Roman villas, Visigothic remains and Arab influences all form part of the landscape in this area which lies halfway between Portugal and Andalusia, and this cultural diversity can also be found in many of its traditions and customs.
But Extremadura has always been the cradle of explorers and conquistadors; specifically, Jerez de los Caballeros was the birthplace of the first European who laid eyes on the Pacific Ocean, Vasco Nunez de Balboa. After the colonisation of America, many nobles and public officials returned to the land of their birth bringing with them riches from the New World. Thus the historic quarter of Jerez de los Caballeros combines both popular architecture with ancient churches, convents, noble houses and mansions, all presided by the imposing Templar fortress with its Arab origins.