The Chickahominy is an 87-mile-long (140 km) river in the eastern portion of the U.S. state of Virginia.The river which serves as the eastern border of Charles City County rises about 15 miles (24 km) northwest of Richmond and flows southeast and south to the James River. The river was named after the Chickahominy Indian tribe who lived near the river when it was claimed by English colonists in 1607 and whose descendants live in Charles City, VA today.
In modern times, the lower Chickahominy River has become a major source of drinking water for the lower portion of the Virginia Peninsula and a popular recreational area for boating and sport fishing, featuring Walker's Dam and Chickahominy Lake. It serves as a border for the Chickahominy Wildlife Management Area.
About 22 miles (35 km) upstream from the confluence with the James River is Walker's Dam. Its construction resulted in the creation of the 1,200-acre (4.9 km2) Chickahominy Lake.Walker's Dam was built in 1943 during World War II by the U.S. War Department to ensure an adequate water supply for the Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Company and other military operations on the lower peninsula.
It is now owned by Newport News Waterworks, a regional water utility that serves more than 400,000 customers in Hampton, Newport News, Poquoson, and parts of York and James City counties. The Chickahominy River is the utility's primary water source.
Fishing is a popular sport along the Chickahominy, both above and below Walker's Dam. Among the most populated are blue catfish, largemouth bass, river herring, striped bass, shad,bowfin and yellow perch.