The University of Virginia (often abbreviated as UVA or Virginia) is a public research university in Charlottesville, Virginia, United States.It was conceived and designed by U.S. President Thomas Jefferson and established in 1819. UVA's initial Board of Visitors included former Presidents of the United States Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and James Monroe.
The initial site of the University was farmland owned by Monroe, whose law office and farmhouse are now the site of Brown College at Monroe Hill, a residential college at UVA.UVA is the only university in the United States to be designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
The 2012 edition of U.S. News & World Report ranks the University of Virginia as the 2nd best public university in the United States and the overall 25th best university in the nation.UVA athletes compete in 23 varsity sports within the Atlantic Coast Conference and finished third in the NACDA Directors' Cup rankings in 2010.
The Grounds (Campus):
Throughout its history, the University of Virginia has won praise for its unique Jeffersonian architecture. In January 1895, less than a year before the Great Rotunda Fire, The New York Times said that the design of the University of Virginia "was incomparably the most ambitious and monumental architectural project that had or has yet been conceived in this century".
In the United States Bicentennial issue of their AIA Journal, the American Institute of Architects called it "the proudest achievement of American architecture in the past 200 years".Today, the University of Virginia remains an architectural landmark and popular tourist destination.
The housing units that permit families are Copeley Hill Apartments and University Gardens.Copeley Hill is within the Albemarle County Public Schools. Residents of Copeley Hill are zoned to Greer Elementary School,Jouett Middle School,and Albemarle High School.University Gardens is within the Charlottesville City Schools.University Gardens is zoned to Venable Elementary School, Walker Upper Elementary School, Buford Middle School, and Charlottesville High School.
The University of Virginia possesses a distinguished faculty, including a Nobel Laureate, a Pulitzer Prize winner and former U.S. poet laureate, 25 Guggenheim fellows, 26 Fulbright fellows, six National Endowment for the Humanities fellows, two Presidential Young Investigator Award winners, three Sloan award winners, three Packard Foundation Award winners, and a winner of the 2005 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
The University's faculty were particularly instrumental in the evolution of Internet networking and connectivity. Physics professor James McCarthy was the lead academic liaison to the government in the establishment of SURANET, and the University has also participated in ARPANET, Abilene, Internet2, and Lambda Rail. On March 19, 1986 the University's domain name, Virginia.edu, became the first registration under the .edu top-level domain originating from the Commonwealth of Virginia.
One of the largest events at the University of Virginia is called Springfest. It takes place every year in the spring, and features a large free concert and various inflatables and games.Another popular event is Foxfield, a steeplechase and social gathering that takes place nearby in Albemarle County in April, and which is annually attended by thousands of students from the University of Virginia and neighboring colleges.