Andria is a city and comune in Apulia. It is an agricultural and service center, producing wine, olives and almonds. It is the fourth-largest municipality in the Apulia region and the largest municipality of the new Province, in May 21, 2010 it became the government seat of the new Province of Barletta-Andria-Trani effective as of June 2009.
Different theories exist about the origins of Andria. In 915 it is mentioned as a "casale" depending from Trani; it acquired the status of city around 1046, when the Norman count Peter enlarged and fortified the settlements in the area.
Andria was a favorite residence of Emperor Frederick II, who built nearby the imposing 13th century Castel del Monte
, one of the most famous Italian castles that was named a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1996.
Other attractions include:
- The Communal Palace.
- The church of the Holy Cross (9th century).
- The church of San Domenico 14th century.
- The church of Sant'Agostino, built in the 13th century.
- The church of St. Francis with its cloister (12th century).
- The Sanctuary of Santa Maria dei Miracoli (16th century).
- The church of Santa Maria di Porta Santa (13th century).
- The 12th-century cathedral, which has an 7th-century crypt.
- The Ducal Palace, a fortified residence renovated in the 16th century.