Brescia is a city and comune in the region of Lombardy in northern Italy. It is situated at the foot of the Alps, between the Mella and the Naviglio. It is the second largest city in Lombardy, after the capital, Milan. Brescia is known as the "Lioness of Italy" after ten days of popular uprising that took place in the city in the spring of 1849 against Austrian rule.
The city is the administrative capital of the Province of Brescia, one of the largest in Italy. The ancient city of Brixia, Brescia has been an important regional centre since pre-Roman times and a number of Roman and medieval monuments are preserved, among the latter the prominent castle.
- Piazza della Loggia.
- Duomo Vecchio ("Old Cathedral").
- Duomo Nuovo ("New Cathedral").
- The Broletto, the medieval Town Hall.
- Piazza del Foro.
- The monastery of San Salvatore (or Santa Giulia).
- Santa Maria dei Miracoli (1488–1523).
- The Romanesque-Gothic church of St. Francis of Assisi.
- The castle, at the north-east angle of the town, on top of Colle Cidneo.
- Church of Santi Nazaro e Celso, with the Averoldi Polyptych by Titian.
- Church of San Clemente.
- Church of San Giovanni.
- Pinacoteca Tosio Martinengo.
- Biblioteca Queriniana.
The city has no fewer than seventy-two public fountains. The stone quarries of Rezzato, 8 km east of Brescia, supplied marble for the Monument to Vittorio Emanuele II in Rome.