Urbino is a walled city in the Marche region of Italy, south-west of Pesaro, a World Heritage Site notable for a remarkable historical legacy of independent Renaissance culture, especially under the patronage of Federico da Montefeltro, duke of Urbino from 1444 to 1482.
The town, nestled on a high sloping hillside, retains much of its picturesque medieval aspect, only slightly marred by the large car parks below the town. It hosts the University of Urbino, founded in 1506, and is the seat of the Archbishop of Urbino. Its best-known architectural piece is the Palazzo Ducale, rebuilt by Luciano Laurana.
Palaces and Public Edifices
- Palazzo Ducale, begun in the second half of the 15th century by Federico II da Montefeltro.
- Palazzo Albani (17th century), Palazzo Odasi and Palazzo Passionei.
- The Albornoz Fortress (known locally as La Fortezza), built by the eponymous Papal legate in the 14th century.
- Raphael's house and monument (1897).
- The Duomo (cathedral) is a church founded in 1021 over a 6th century religious edifice.
- The church of San Giovanni Battista.
- Sant'Agostino, built in Romanesque style in the 13th century.
- San Francesco (14th century), originally a Gothic-Romanesque edifice.
- The Oratory of San Giuseppe (early 16th century), composed of two chapels.
- Outside the city is the Church of San Bernardino, housing the tombs of the Dukes of Urbino.
Other Points of Interest
- Orto Botanico "Pierina Scaramella", a botanical garden.