In Teiči Reserve, it is like being in tundra – no matter where you look, you will see kilometres of swampy hollows grown with mosses and small birch trees. This is the Teiči bog – the largest bog in Latvia and one of the largest in the Baltic area. And quite logically, to protect this unique creation of nature, the Teiči Nature Reserve was established.
It is located in the Madona, Varakļānu and Krustpils Regions, about a dozen kilometres away from the largest lake in Latvia - Lubāna Lake which is rich with fish - and is the largest reserve in Latvia, established in 1982. Since 1994 this territory is acknowledged to be an important place for birds on the level of European significance. In 1995 it gained the international status according to the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands. Since 2004 it has been a “Natura 2000” territory.
The Teiči bogs are practically unaffected by human activities. The protected territory is also one of the largest complexes of wet ecosystems in the Baltic area to have the reserve protection regime. The bulk of it is occupied by high or mossy bog, and forest occupies only 3729 ha. Apart from pools and swampy hollows, the Teiči Nature Reserve has 18 lakes, which exceed 2 ha, the largest of them being the Kurtavas, Pieslaista and Mindaukas Lakes. The Teiči bog is an internationally significant place for migrating and nesting birds. The bulk of the Latvian population of bog bird species nest here.