Penjamo (in purépecha Penlamu or Penxamo place of ahuehuetes or sabinos) Hidalgo Cradle, is the City head-board of the homonymous Municipality, one of 46 municipalities of Guanajuato's Mexican state. It is one of the cities with major commercial movement of the State, and is considered to be the major City of the Southwest of the entity and the city number 17 in population statewide. Great part of the city is located to skirts of Penjamo's Mountains. The city forms a part of the Route 2010, which includes important scenes of the national independence and Mexican revolution.
It is located to the southwest of the condition, and account with a total of 164,261.27 hectares of surface that correspond to 5.20 % of the state total. It borders on the municipalities of Abasolo, Cuerámaro, Manuel Doblado de Guanajuato, besides the States of Jalisco and Michoacán. According to the Census of the year 2000 his total population promotes 144,426 inhabitants in total in the municipality, in spite of this in the last census realized in the year 2005, the population descended, but that of the City rose, where the total population promotes nearby the 36,000 for the year 2005, of which the majority devotes itself to the servcios, trade, in measure to the industry and to the tourist services. The word Penjamo means " place of trees sabinos or ahuehuetes ". The motto of the city is a " M. Hidalgo Cradle ", because in the year of 1753 born in the Hacienda of Corralejo near to the city the Father of the Mexican Mother land, Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla.