Łódź with its 850,000 inhabitants is the second largest city of Poland. In the 19th century, textile factories began developing here with unimaginable rapidity. A testimony of industrial architecture, they carry the same message as the superb palaces of their former owners and still well preserved workers’ housing estates.
The city is metamorphosing into a modern cultural metropolis. By young people, it is now mostly associated with techno culture. Around ul. Piotrkowska spreads the area of club life with its stock of bars, clubs and discos. Today Łódź is an important center of science and culture with many colleges, scientific and research institutes, opera, operetta, philharmonic hall, theatres and museums. After WW II, Łódź became the national center of cinematography. Roman Polański is a graduate of the city’s famous State High School of Film and Theater.
Łowicz is well-known for its multi-colour folk costumes on display in the museum at Rynek Kościuszki 4, and the famousCorpus Christi processions. The 18th and 19th century houses line both old town squares. It is worth to drop a glimpse at the neoclassical town hall and the 15th century collegiate church with a later Baroque overlay. In Nieborów stands one of the most famous Polish palaces. The very well-preserved twostoried construction was raised in 1690-96. Today, the palace is home to the Warsaw branch of the National Museum, presenting a valuable collection of masterpieces once belonging to the Radziwiłł family. In Tum, north of Łódź, there is a Romanesque collegiate church of great historical value. The three-nave basilica founded in 1141-61 is believed to be Poland’s largest Romanesque church.