Prague Castle holds a number of records. First of all, it is the largest castle in the world, entered in the Guinness Book of Records. It is also the most visited Czech monument among tourists. It is the most important of Czech castles, because from time immemorial it has been the residence of sovereigns, and currently the President. It is also undoubtedly the most beautiful castle in the Czech Republic. Prague Castle is unparalleled in the Czech Republic in all respects and visiting it is a ‘duty’ for all tourists.
Prague Castle was founded in 870 by Prince Bořivoj of the Premyslid dynasty. Its appearance has changed many times since this period of wooden palisades. The castle has grown, with major reconstruction taking place particularly during Charles IV’s reign, when construction of St. Vitus’ Cathedral, which was to become a dominating feature of Prague, also began (although it was not completed until the 20th century). The cathedral was also a place for Czech kings to take time out, including the Czech patron saint, St. Wenceslas. The cathedral was also the location for royal coronations.
The last major work to be carried out took place just after the independent Czechoslovakian state was founded. It was undertaken by the world-renowned architect, Josip Plecnik, under the auspices of the first president, T G Masaryk. Prague Castle is today a complex of buildings with examples of virtually all architectural styles from the preceding millennium.