The University of Burundi is located in Bujumbura, Burundi. It is the only public university in Burundi. Most of its facilities are deteriorating and significantly damaged due to civil war. In its infancy, it was owned and operated by the Roman Catholic Church. Its enrollment is approximately 3,124.
At the beginning of the 1960s, higher education in Burundi was composed of three institutions: the Institute of Agriculture of Ruanda-Urundi, the institut facultaire of Usumbura (University institute of Usumbura), and the Faculty of Science of Usumbura. In 1964, these three institutions merged to create the official University of Bujumbura, known as the Université officielle de Bujumbura (UOB).
In 1965, the teacher training college known as Ecole Normale supérieure, ENS, (Teacher's School) was created with the mission of training junior secondary school teachers. In 1972, the national school of administration known as Ecole nationale d’administration, ENA (National Advanced School for Administration) was established for training civil servants.