The National Assembly (Khmer: រដ្ឋសភា; Rotsaphea) is one of the two houses (chambers) of the Parliament of Cambodia. It is referred to as the lower house, with the Senate being referred to as the upper house.
The National Assembly is an elected body consisting of 123 members known as Members of Parliament (MPs).
Members are elected for five-year terms by proportional representation, using provinces as constituencies of 1 to 18 members, and the D'Hondt method of seat distribution. A political party must secure 62 seats to obtain and preserve a majority. The National Assembly is headed by the President, currently occupied by Heng Samrin of Kampong Cham. The fifth mandate was opened on September 23, 2013 by King Norodom Sihamoni.
The current National Assembly originated as the Constituent Assembly, a legislative body elected during the United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia (UNTAC). After the 1993 election, the Assembly met and adopted a new constitution for Cambodia. After enactment of the 1993 Constitution, the Constituent Assembly was renamed the National Assembly.
Power and privileges
Vote of confidence
- Adopt and Amend laws for Cambodia and approve the national budget and administration accounts. (Article 90)
- Approve or repeal international treaties and conventions. (Article 90)
- Initiate legislation. (Article 91)
- Shall pass a vote of confidence in the Royal Government. (Article 90)
- Dismiss any members of the Council of Ministers, or the Royal Government, by a motion of censure passed by an absolute majority vote of all Members of the National Assembly. (Article 98)