Praha-Libeň railway station (Czech: Nádraží Praha-Libeň) is a mainline railway station located in Libeň, Prague 9. It is situated on track 11 linking Prague to Český Brod and Kolín, which also forms part of the main railway corridor linking Prague to Brno and Olomouc. Since its reconstruction which took place between 2008 and 2010, as part of the Nové Spojení project, several international services have served this station as well as the more central Praha hlavní nádraží. The station area also contains a large freight yard and is a centre for freight services operated by ČD Cargo as well as passenger transport. The station served 876,000 passengers in 2006.
The line from Olomouc to Prague as it was first opened in 1845 passed through the then village of Libeň, but a station was not built on the line until 1877, between the then named Praha statní nádraží (today's Masarykovo nádraží) and Běchovice stations. In 1923 the station was renamed Libeň horní nádraží (Libeň high-level station) to distinguish it from the low-level station (dolní nádraží) which led to the now demolished terminus at Těšnov. In 1926 a cut-and-cover line was built under Vítkov hill linking Libeň station to Praha hlavní nádraží.
In the late 1970s the station was modernised and shortly afterwards a new link was built to Praha-Holešovice railway station, intended to serve the international services the two central stations could no longer handle. The station is situated within walking distance of the O2 Arena, and was thus instrumental in the infrastructure for the 2004 IIHF World Championship. Libeň station is not connected to the Prague Metro, but is connected to the city's public transport system by buses and trams.