Lombard Street is a street in the City of London, notable for its connections with the City's merchant, banking and insurance industries, stretching back to medieval times. From the junction at Bank, where nine streets converge by the Bank of England, Lombard Street runs southeast for a short distance, before bearing left into a more easterly direction, and terminates at a junction with Gracechurch Street and Fenchurch Street. Its overall length is 1⁄4 km (1⁄6 mi). It has often been compared with Wall Street in New York City.
Lombard Street, since the construction of King William Street, has two distinctive sections. The short section between Bank and the church of St Mary Woolnoth is spacious and has two-way traffic (including several bus routes) which continues along King William Street. The street then bears to the east and the remainder is much narrower (retaining its medieval character) and is one-way, with vehicular traffic directed east to west.
At the eastern end of the street, a number of modern buildings exist on both sides of the street, in contrast to the older buildings and architectural styles along much of it length. Built 1990–92, the former headquarters building of Barclays covers a large plot on the north corner of Lombard and Gracechurch Streets, and is the largest and tallest building in the vicinity of Lombard Street at 87 metres (285 ft) high.
Addresses on the street are numbered 1 to 40 along the south side, running from Bank to Gracechurch Street, then 41 to 82 along the north side, from Gracechurch Street to Bank. The postcode for the street is EC3V. The nearest London Underground stations to Lombard Street are Bank and Monument, with an entrance to Bank station being situated on Lombard Street itself. Mainline railway stations at Cannon Street and Fenchurch Street are also close by.
The street runs downhill towards Bank, being on the eastern side of the Walbrook valley. At its junction with Gracechurch Street it is at an elevation of 16.7 metres (55 ft), whilst at its junction at Bank it is at 13.5 metres (44 ft). Side streets and alleys run towards Cornhill to the north, and Cannon Street to the south. Running north is Pope's Head Alley, Change Alley, Birchin Lane and George Yard. Heading south is St Swithin's Lane, Post Office Court, Abchurch Lane, Nicholas Lane, Clement's Lane and Plough Court.