The Anshi National Park is a designated national park since 1987, is covering a 340 square kilometer area on the Karwar-Londa Highway in the northern parts of Karnataka bordering Goa. Located in the North Western Ghats Mountains and Deciduous Forests deemed an endangered eco-region by the United Nations World Wildlife Fund, this evergreen tropical rainforest along with the adjoining Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary were granted the status of Project Tiger Sanctuaries in January 2007.
These forests are having a rich flora which includes Bamboo, Bauhinia, Eucalyptus, Lantana, Silver-Oak, Teak and Xylia Xylocarpa. The Anshi National Park together with six other surrounding protected areas in the states of Goa and Maharashtra forms a grand protected zone of 2200 square kilometers. Anshi National Park also supports a wide variety of fauna, which along with the tiger and elephant, includes the barking, mouse and spotted deer, the Indian bison, sloth bear, the Malabar civet, the pangolin, the Malabar giant squirrel and a variety of Bonnet Macaque besides the Black Panther. Common reptiles found here include the King Cobra, Krait, Python, Rat Snake and Viper.
The topography suggests, deep valleys along steep hill slopes with dense forests at an altitude ranging between 200 meters to 927 meters, and temperatures ranging between 16 to 37 degrees Celsius, enabling a rich and a variety of over 200 species of birds to fun and frolic throughout this region. Most common of the birdlife found here includes the Adjutant Stork, Ashy Woods-wallow, Black Crested Bulbul, the Blue Headed Pitta, Broad-Billed Roller, Crested Serpent Eagle, the Great Hornbill, the Golden-Backed Woodpecker, the Sri Lanka Frogmouth and the Yellow-Footed Green Pigeon.
Unique Black Panther:
Anshi National Park is famous for the unique and elusive Black Panthers found here. Moreover, these evergreen natural rain-forests are the only place in Asia where you will find these black leopards. One however needs to be lucky to be able to sight one of these species since the animal is very sly, shy and operating mostly by the night. The forest cover is also huge, wild and mountainous along with deep valleys and gorges, which provides a great choice for this animal to successfully hide. However, many tourists to this park have been able to spot them every now and then, sleeping and resting on tree trunks at times. The most mysterious of the big cats, the Black Panther, are officially said to be numbering over eight in the Anshi-Dandeli National Park Reserves.