Ballia (Bhojpuri: बलिया, Hindi: बलिया) is a city with a municipal board in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh bordering Bihar. The eastern boundary of the city lies at the junction of two major rivers, the Ganges and the Ghaghara. The city is situated 140 km from Varanasi. Bhojpuri, a dialect of Hindi, is the primary local language.
Due to its significant contribution to India's freedom struggle, Ballia is also known as Bagi Ballia (Rebel Ballia). The launch of The First Indian War of Independence - 1857 by Shree Mangal Pandey (born at village Nagwa Ballia district of India) brought Ballia into the public eye. During the Quit India Movement of 1942, Ballia gained independence from the British for a short period of time when the district overthrew the government and installed an independent administration under Chittu Pandey. Former Prime Minister of India Chandra Shekhar was a native of Ibrahimpatti in Ballia district.
The eastern boundary of the city lies at the junction of the Ganges, and the Ghaghara.'Suraha Tal' Lake is a lake with a circumference of about 25.6 km.The junction of the Ganges and the Ghaghara rivers marks the eastern boundary of Ballia, and the fairgrounds are at this point.
Ballia has a major railway station by the same name, catering to about 35 trains daily (including 2 Rajdhani express) Other prominent railway stations in Ballia are: Belthara Road Suraimanpur and Rasra. Belthara Road is connected to Gorakhpur by several trains like Dadar Express, Chauri Chaura Express, Gorakhnath Express etc. Suraimanpur in the rout of Ballia-Chhapra.
Ballia is well connected to Varanasi and Gorakhpur by both road and rail, and to Patna by road.Many road roundabouts in Ballia feature statues of leaders of the Indian Independence Movement.
Dadri Mela (fair):
Dadri Mela is the second largest cattle fair of India, which is held 5 km from Ballia town, near NH 31 and 3 km from the bus station of Ballia city.The fair starts with people taking a holy dip in the river Ganges on the full moon of Kartik Poornima (October–November). This fair is held annually in the honor of Dadar Muni, the disciple of Maharishi Bhrigu.This one-month long fair is organized in two phases. The first phase starts ten days before the onset of Kartik Poornima, during which traders bring some excellent breeds of cattle from across India for sale/purchase. On or after Kartik Poornima, various cultural programs are organized and one can find here a large number of makeshift shops of various items during the next fortnight.