The extensive remains of ancient Ahicchatra, the capital city of Northern Panchala, of the Mahabharata period, have been discovered near Ramnagar village of Aonla tehsil, in district Bareilly.
During the first excavations at Ahicchatra (1940-44) the Archaeologists came across Painted Grey ware, linked with the arrival of the Aryans in the Ganga Yamuna Valley. About five thousand coins belonging to ages earlier than that of the Guptas have been recovered from the excavation site. The Archaeologists also found some excellent masterworks of Indian terracotta art at Ahicchatra. The Archaeological relics give us an insight into the prevailing culture of the region from the beginning of the 2nd millennium BC up to 11th Century AD.
Under the Guptas, Ahicchatra was one of the provinces into which the Gupta Empire was divided. The Allahabad Pillar inscription of Samudragupta refers to a powerful king named 'Achyuta', ruling Ahicchatra. The material evidence during the Gupta period at Ahicchatra gives the impression that it was a not a large and prosperous centre like the preceding phase. The monuments under the Guptas are mainly religious indicating that Ahicchatra had then become mainly a religious centre.
The Jain Tirthankara Parshvanath is said to have attained Kaivalya at Ahicchatra. The city was also influenced by Buddha and his followers. This city has a great importance in the history of Uttar Pradesh. Rich in its culture, Bareilly spot lights on many evidences to focus on history.