Buldhana (Buldana) is a city and a municipal council in Buldana district in the state of Maharashtra, India. Buldana is located at 19°59N 76°31E / 19.98°N 76.51°E / 19.98; 76.51. It has an average elevation of 639 metres (2096 feet). It is the headquarters of Buldhana District. It is located on the top of mountains in Ajanta ranges, in central India and is about 900 m above sea level.
A salt-lake (Lonar lake) formed due to an impact is one of the main tourist attractions of this region. The crater is believed to be formed by the sheer impact of a Meteorite weighing 2 million tones, 60 meters wide, travelling at a speed of 90,000 kilometres per hour. This collision is said to have happened some 52,000 years ago creating a dent in the earth, and is 1830 meters in diameter and 150 meters deep. The crater gets its name from the place where it impacted, Lonar. This crater is the worlds oldest meteorite crater and the only meteorite crater in basaltic rock. Shegaon, a religious place made famous by the saint Gajanan Maharaj is also in Buldhana district. As of 2001[update] India census, Buldana had a population of 162,979. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Buldana has an average literacy rate of 82%, higher than the national average of 59.5‰; with male literacy of 82% and female literacy of 72%. 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.