Fazilka is a city and a municipal council in Punjab
. In 2011, it was made the headquarters of the newly created Fazilka district.
The economy of the Fazilka is based on agriculture. Before partition, it was a major wool market. Traders used to export wool to Britain via the ports at Karachi in Sindh. By 2007, wool production had decreased to about 10% of the production before partition. The area around the town grows high quality cereals (wheat, rice, and others). A hybrid variety of citrus fruit known as 'Kino' is grown in this region. The surrounding areas also produce guava and cotton.The town is home to heritage cottage industries such as the production of woven strings (Waan) fabricated from Sarkanda grass acquired from the bank of the river Sutlej.
: The first railway line through the town was set up in 1898 on the occasion of the Diamond Jubilee of the accession of Queen Victoria. Fazilka was connected by railway to McLeodganj (now in Pakistan and renamed Mandi Sadiqganj) on the route to Bahawalnagar and then to Bahawalpur. Fazilka was connected by railway to Amruka (now in Pakistan) through Chaanwala. The tracks from Fazilka to McLeod Ganj and from Fazilka to Chaanwala are now closed, perhaps uprooted.
Fazilka railway station is connected to Ferozepur and Bhatinda junctions of Northern Railways. A new 43 km long railway line to Abohar
towards the south has been constructed to shorten the distance to Bikaner by over 100 km. Trains on the new railway line to Abohar started in July 2012 and an express train started between Sri Ganganagar and Firozpur
via Abohar and Fazilka in November 2012 on this track.
: National Highway 10 passes through Fazilka and connects to Delhi via Hissar and Rohtak. The State highway runs from Fazilka to Ferozepur and from Fazilka to Malout
And Both Road are very clean. Fazilka to Abohar.
Fazilka has six main Hindu temples: Hanuman Temple, Shiv Temple, Parnami Mandir, Ram Mandir, Dayra Baba Balbantgiri Temple, and the Shiv Temple of Kusht Ashram (in Leper colony). The most recent temple is the Shiv Temple of Kusht Ashram, built in 2005 by the Dhawan Family in dedication to the 70th anniversary of the late Dr. Ved Parkash and Lal Devi Dhawan. It is located in the Leper colony based on the vision of the Dhawan family to enable worship by Lepers, who are traditionally shunned from worship at Hindu temples
Clock towers were placed at the city centres in Fazilka and Lyallpur (Now known as Faisalabad). Both city centres were designed by Captain Poham Young, to imitate the Union Flag when seen from above, with eight roads to the main markets radiating from a centre with a large clock tower. The cities of Fazilka and Lyallpur both came into existence between 1840 and 1880.
Layallpur Clock Tower was built by the British Lieutenant Governor of the Punjab, Sir James Broadwood Lyall, for whom it was originally named Lyallpur. Fazilka Clock Tower was built in the memory of a famous philanthropist of Fazilka, Ram Narayan Periwal, by Rai Sahab Madan Gopal Periwal and Shopat Rai Periwal. The Fazilka clock tower, at an approximate height of 95 feet (29 m), is the tallest clock tower in North India.
Fairs and festivals
The Fazilka region observes almost all important major festivals of India, including Diwali, Dushehra, Holi, and Gurpurab. Apart from these major festivals, Fazilka hosts the following: