It is the newest National Park of India built in the year 1984 and located in the Kulu region of the state of Himachal Pradesh. Covering a 1,171 square kilometer area ranging between the altitudes of 1,500 to 6,000 meters above Mean Sea Level, it is bounded to the east by the mighty Himalayan Mountains. The Great Himalayan National Park is the foremost priority for conservation within this area, and which also happens to be the most significant and the biggest conservation-unit in the western Himalayas. The status that it is remotely located and further protected by the relatively inaccessible rugged terrain representing the ecology, geology and biota characteristic of this region.
The extensive boundary of this National Park is contiguous with the Pin Valley National Park, the Rupi-Bhawa Wildlife Sanctuary and the Kanawar Wildlife Sanctuary supporting a full range of biodiversity, from Tropical to Alpine and to Tibetan. This, so much increases the availability of migration routes which is essential for the survival of many animals, and provides a perfect protection zone even in adverse conditions. The animals of this region include the herbivores like the Goral, the Himalayan Tahr, and the Blue Sheep alongside the Leopards, Snow Leopards, the Himalayan Black Bear, and the Asiatic Brown Bear on the Alpine meadows.
This Park is well known as a great refuge for endangered species of birds like the Western Tragopan, Himalayan Monal, Raptors, Lammergeyers, Himalayan Griffon Vultures, and the Golden Eagles are regularly sighted. A great variety of other birds also occur at the western periphery of the Park, which in fact, simply amounts to be serving as a virtual border. This region is best accessible by road and air, with a starting point for all trekking is at the Kullu Valley Region in the state of Himachal Pradesh. Bhuntar Airport near Kullu District Headquarters is the closest airport which is at about a driving distance of 60 kilometers.