Formerly known as the Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary, Keoladeo National Park is spread over 29 square kilometers located between the two historical cities of Jaipur and Agra. Situated at a distance of 190 kilometers to the south of the Indian capital, New Delhi, and 55 kilometers west of Agra on the Agra-Jaipur Highway, it is one of the finest and unparalleled birding areas of Asia.
Home to over 380 resident and migratory bird species, it is also an excellent place to watch mammals like the Golden Jackal, Striped Hyena, the Fishing Cat, Jungle Cat, Nilgai, Sambar, Black-Buck and Wild Boar which are often sighted in this National Park. Birdlife found within the Park is not just about the Siberian Cranes which are rarely sighted these days. The other birds include species like the Sociable Lapwing, Indian Courser, Imperial, White-Tailed, Greater and Indian Spotted Eagles, Darters, Black-Necked, Painted and Asian Open-Billed Storks, Common Sarus and Demoiselle Cranes, Dalmatian Pelicans, Black Bittern, Greater Painted Snipe, Large-Tailed Indian and Grey Nightjars, Dusky Eagle Owls, Siberian Rubythroat and Brook’s Leaf Warblers and over 20 species of ducks, innumerable Waders and Raptors, Water-Seeking Birds and approachable Passerines. Large Pythons are also often spotted here enjoying the Sun during the winter months.
This Park is a rather intriguing blend of marshes, woodland and flora comprising of over 44,000 trees, scrublands and grasslands enmeshed as a nestling site to a plentiful of birds and small animals. A UNESCO World Heritage Site, the Keoladeo Ghana National Park was declared a Protected Sanctuary in the year 1971 and a National Park in 1981. Although, the Park is open throughout the year, August to November are the best months for watching the resident breeding bird populations; and November to March is the time when the migratory birds flock here every season. The nearest road and rail-junction is Bharatpur which is very well connected with the rest of the country including New Delhi, Mumbai, Ahmedabad and Jaipur.