The Khangchendzonga National Park spread over an 850 square kilometer area in the North Sikkim District of Sikkim, is a part of the greater Kanchanjunga Biosphere Reserve. Although established as a reserve since 1977, the National Park is still home to a few Lepcha tribal settlements who, assist tourism and help conserve the bio-diversity of the region. It is one of the few high altitude National Parks of India stretching from an elevation of 1829 meters to 8550 meters.
The flora of the Park consists of temperate broadleaf and mixed forests containing species of Oaks, Fir, Birch, Maple, Willow and many more. The vegetation of the Park also includes some of the Alpine Grasses and Shrubs at higher altitudes along with many other varieties of Medicinal Plants and Herbs. There are many Glaciers found within the Park, prominent amongst these is the Zemu Glacier which is 26 kilometers long at the base of the Kangchenjunga and one of the basic source of the Teesta River.
Apart from being home to animals like the Musk Deer, Snow Leopard and the Himalayan Tahr, the other mammal species within the Park include the Wild Dog, Sloth Bear, Civet, Himalayan Black Bear, Red Panda, Tibetan Wild Ass, Himalayan Blue Sheep, Serow, Goral and Takin. The reptiles found inside the Park consist of the Rat Snake and the Russell ’s viper. This Park is a great home for a variety of Avi-Fauna. Over 550 species of birds are found here including the Blood Pheasant, Satyr Tragopan, Osprey, Himalayan Griffon, Lammergeyer, Tragopan Pheasant, Green Pigeon, Tibetan Snow-Cock, Snow Pigeon, Impeyan Pheasant, Asian Emerald Cuckoo, the Sunbird and the Eagle. Travelers however, need to remember that visiting the Khangchendzonga National Park is in fact, getting to taste and feel, the might of the magnificent Himalayas.