Lucknow Charbagh Railway Station (official name Lucknow NR, station code LKO) is one of the two main railway stations of Lucknow city for broad gauge trains. It is situated at Charbagh in the south of the city, hence the popular name. The word 'Charbagh' means four gardens which existed here earlier. The terms "Lucknow Charbagh railway station" and "Lucknow NR station" are used for the same railway station LKO.
Lucknow Charbagh Railway Station (LKO)
Lucknow Charbagh railway station (LKO) is operated by Lucknow Division of Northern Railway. Trains operated mainly by Northern Railway terminate at or pass through this station. It is also the main hub for the Lucknow-Kanpur Suburban Railway system (MEMU). It has nine platforms. As of 13 January 2013, 194 express trains (or 97 pairs of trains) (including Duronto, Rajdhani and Shatabdi) and 24 slow passenger trains (or 12 pairs of trains) startd from, terminated at or passed through LKO station.
The Charbagh railway station building's foundation stone was laid in 1914 and the building was completed in 1923. It is a beautiful building and from outside it looks like a palace. It has a large garden in front of the building. It incorporates the mix of Rajput, Awadhi and Mughal architecture. A unique feature of the Charbagh railway station is that an aerial view of the station building shows it as a chess board and the domes and pillars of the building appear to be pieces of a chess game.
Lucknow Railway Junction (LJN)
The adjacent and almost contiguous railway station, officially known as Lucknow Railway Junction or Lucknow NE (station code LJN), is unofficially considered a part of Charbagh railway station. Lucknow railway junction is the main station of Lucknow city for broad gauge trains of North Eastern Railway. It is a terminus where tracks terminate and do not go any further just like Howrah station, Madras Central and Bombay VT. Therefore trains that enter this station have to reverse their direction to get out of the station. It is a separate building but almost a continuation of the LKO station building.
LJN station has six platforms. One can change trains between Lucknow NR (station code LKO) and Lucknow NE (station code LJN) railway stations by just changing the platforms as both the stations are almost contiguous. The terms "Lucknow railway junction" and "Lucknow NE station" are used for the same railway station LJN.
As of 13 January 2013, 44 express trains (or 22 pairs of trains) (none of which was Duronto, Rajdhani or Shatabdi) and 10 slow passenger trains (or 5 pairs of trains) startd from, terminated at or passed through LJN station.
Earlier Lucknow junction was the terminus for metre gauge trains as almost all tracks of North Eastern Railway zone were metre gauge. With the conversion of most of these tracks to 1676 mm broad gauge, the Lucknow junction does not have any metre gauge tracks. Now the terminus for the remaining metre gague trains is Lucknow Aishbagh junction (station code ASH). Lucknow Aishbagh junction also has broad gauge tracks.