Malout (Punjabi: ) is a city and a municipal council in Muktsar district in the Indian state of Punjab. Located in southern Punjab, it is a prominent town in the cotton belt where production per unit area is one of the highest in India. Malout is a well known city of Punjab established on NH-10 with a 4 lane Grand Trunk (GT) road, which is the pride of the city.
This highway connects New Delhi to Fazilka through the city. This town is at the border of three Indian states (Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan) and two countries (India and Pakistan). The boundaries of Haryana and Rajasthan are just 30 and 65 km away from Malout. On the other hand, it is only 45 km from Pakistan, so the area was highly active in emergency time due to military actions. Malout city is 4-5 centuries old. The origin of the name of Malout city is disputed, but the most famous suggestions are the following: In 1917, the British government established the Bathinda - Karachi railway line, to transport the goods from this part of India to Karachi. Malout Railway Station was established on the line in 1918. Choudhry Harji Ram of Malout village, one of the richest persons of his time, also more popularly known as the 'king of cotton' of Punjab, established a new town near the railway station at west side, which was called Mandi Harji Raam. (Mandi means small town in Punjab).