The Mount Abu Wildlife Sanctuary is spread over a 288 square kilometer area; which is in fact a plateau 19 kilometers in length and 6 kilometers wide, at an altitude of 300 meters to 1722 meters within the Aravalli Mountain Range in the Rajasthan State of western India. Established as a Wildlife Sanctuary in 1960, the rocks that make up this plateau are igneous with large cavities that are common due to the weathering effects of the wind and the water.
The environment of this Wildlife Sanctuary is very rich in floral bio-diversity beginning from xenomorphic sub-tropical thorn forests located at the foothills to sub-tropical evergreen forests along water courses and valleys at the higher reaches of these mountains.
This sanctuary is home to about 112 plant families with 449 genera and 820 species. The Mount Abu Wildlife Sanctuary is the only place in Rajasthan where you get to see a variety of orchids. Three species of wild roses and 16 species of feras which are rare have been recorded from this region. More than 81 species of trees, 89 species of shrubs, 28 species of climbers and 17 species of tuberous plants with medicinal value have been identified within the Sanctuary.
The variety of fauna found within the Sanctuary includes many rare, threatened and endangered species. Leopard is the apex predator with a chain of other animals like the Sambar, Jungle Cat, Small Indian Civet, Wolf, Hyena, Jackal, Indian Fox, Common Langur, Wild Boar, Pangolin, Common Mongoose, Indian Hare, Porcupine, Hedgehog and Sloth Bear. Over 250 species of birds are also found here, including the Mount Abu Wildlife Sanctuary special, the Grey Jungle Fowl. The terrain of the region offers various sight-seeing points and exquisite lakes, creating an environment which keeps visitors enthralled.