Located at the tri-junction of the three southern Indian states of Tamilnadu, Karnataka & Kerala, Mudumalai National Park, which is actually a continuation of the Bandipur National Park, is spread over a 321 square kilometer area. Situated on the western side of the Nilgiri Hills, in the Nilgiri District, it lies 160 kilometers to the north-west of Coimbatore. This National Park is a heaven for the Bengal Tigers and Indian Leopards, and other threatened and endangered species like the Indian Elephants, vulnerable Gaur and Chital.
The Mudumalai National Park is an important wildlife habitat and strategically located in between the other protected areas of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve. A varied flora of this National Park consists of tropical moist deciduous, tropical dry deciduous and southern tropical dry thorn forests with mixed vegetation types found in certain places.
Home to over 55 species of mammals, including the endangered species, the other animals found here are the Panther, Jungle Cat, Dhole, Striped Hyena, the Golden Jackal, Sloth Bear, the Grey Langur, Bonnet Macaque, Sambar Deer, Indian Muntjac, Indian Spotted Chevrotain, Wild Boar, Indian Giant Squirrel and the Red Giant Flying Squirrel. Some of the reptiles out of the 34 species located here include the Python, Flying Lizard, Spectacled Cobra, the Krait, Asian Pit Vipers and the Monitor Lizard. Over 21 species of amphibians and 50 species of fishes are also recorded to be dwelling within and around the Mudumalai National Park water bodies.
Among the 227 varieties of bird species found within the Park, the most prominent are the near threatened Black & Orange Flycatcher, the regional endemics like the Malabar Trogon and the Malabar Grey Hornbill, and rare birds like Rufous Bellied Hawk Eagle, Crested Hawk & Serpent Eagles.