The Namantar Shahid Smarak (English: Name Change Martyrdom Memorial) is a large memorial sculpture dedicated to those who died in the Namantar Andolan. The Namantar Andolan was a 1978 to 1994 movement in India by Dalits (formerly known as Untouchables) who wanted to rename a university in honour of a leading Dalit, B. R. Ambedkar. The movement was vigorously opposed by members of the Hindu community. During 16 years of struggle, there were murders, torture, rapes, burning of colonies, poisoning of wells, property damage, boycotts and lockouts. In 2013, 19 years after the movement’s success, the city government of Nagpur erected this monument in memory of the valour and the sacrifice of Dalit martyrs.
The Namantar Shahid Smarak (English: Name Change Martyrdom Memorial) is located at Indora Bridge 10 on Kamptee Road, Nagpur. That location was selected because that is where Avinash Dongre, a child protesting in support of the Namantar Andolan, was shot in the head by police on 4 August 1978. Four others - Dilip Ramteke, Abdul Sattar, Roshan Borkar and Ratan Mendhe - also lost their lives nearby. The memorial has a total of 27 sculptures of Bhim Sainiks (Soldiers of Bhim) who died during the pogroms. They are shown in the act of their struggle. [vague] In addition to the sculptures, there are 27 plaques with the name of each person; the memorial also has a monolith to pay homage to the martyrs. Along with the monument, there is a mini-theater for plays and discussions and a nearby library with materials related to the history of the Namantar Andolan. The memorial was built by contractor Sunil Sharma on 2,225 m2 of land at a cost of ₹1.58 crore (approximately US$259,000).
Because many Dalits had converted to Buddhism with B.R. Ambedkar, the choice of Buddha Jayanti (Buddha's Birthday) to inaugurate the monument was auspicious. Jogendra Kawade, the leader of the Namantar Long March.