Pampadum Shola National Park is the smallest national park in Kerala state, South India.The park protects a moderate amount of montane evergreen shola forest that is associated with the wildlife rich Eravikulam National Park.
There are various types of Medicinal plants (Herbs), of which studies have been made. After the forest range there are Grandis (a variety of Eucalyptus) that threatens the Ecology of the area due to its dehydrating and quick-spreading character. These trees as well as the private legal and illegal plantations of the same trees remain as a living danger. The Eucalyptus trees (Grandis) that eat up the unique eco-system is yet to be a consideration of the forestry. The National Park with its unique richness of uncontaminated "humus", has been an interest of studies recently.
The keystone species here is the highly elusive and endangered, endemic small carnivore - the Nilgiri Marten. Leopards and Indian wild dogs are sometimes sighted at dusk or dawn, Tigers are an important animal of the park. The Old Kodaikanal–Munnar Road nearby is closed due to the growing population of Wildlife such as Elephants, Buffaloes Gaur and Black Monkeys. Some notable birds found here include the Nilgiri Wood-pigeon, White-bellied Shortwing, Scaly-breasted Lorikeet, Blue Rock-thrush, Blue-capped Rock-thrush and Nilgiri flycatcher, and Black-and-orange Flycatchers.