Parambikulam wildlife sanctuary is situated in Chittur taluk of Palakkad district and is about 100 km away from Palakkad. The challenging hill ranges here are placed at an altitude of 300 to 1438 m above sea level and the place offers a good climate with temperatures ranging from 15 degree Celsius to 32 degree Celsius. Sprawling over an area of 285 sq km, Parambikkulam can boast of the first scientifically managed teak plantations of the world and also houses the world’s tallest and oldest teak tree.
About 39 species of mammals, 16 species of amphibians, 61 species of reptiles, 47 species of fish, more than 1000 species of insects and 124 species of butterflies have been identified in this region. The place is also a bird watcher’s delight with more than 250 species of birds. The rich fauna of the region owes a lot to the mosaic pattern of the vegetation and the backwaters. A boat ride through the backwaters of the reservoir will help you watch the wildlife from a safe distance.
You will be able to see herds of Elephants, endangered freshwater crocodiles, Otters, Turtles etc. Langurs, Sambars, Gaurs, Mongoose, Lion-tailed Macaques, Tigers, Leopards, Cheetahs, Civet Cats, Indian wild dogs, Porcupines and a whole lot of other fauna make the place a lively sanctuary. Birds seen here include the Grey-headed Fishing Eagle, the Peninsular Bay Owl, the Nilgiri Wood Pigeon, the Black-capped Kingfisher, the Great Black Woodpecker and the Lesser Grey-headed Fish Eagle. The endangered fish species Mahseer too is found in the water systems here.