A UNESCO World Heritage Site, the Kaziranga National Park is located in the Golaghat and Nagaon Districts in the North-East Indian State of Assam. Hosting two-thirds of the World’s Great One Horned Rhinoceroses, this National Park also boasts of the highest density of Tigers amidst the protected areas of the world. Hence, it was also declared a Tiger Reserve in the year 2006 is however, also home to a large breeding stock of Elephants, Wild Water-Buffalo and Swamp Deer. Situated at the edge of the Eastern Himalaya Bio-diversity hotspot, the Kaziranga National Park is a vast expanse of elephant grass, marsh-land, and dense tropical moist broad-leaf forests intersected by four major rivers, including Brahmaputra.
Spanning over a 378 square kilometer area, this Park is well defined including several small water-bodies within its fold. It also records over hundred years of history as a forest reserve when it was first designated as a protected site by Lord Curzon in the year 1905.
Presently, Kaziranga contains significant breeding populations of over 35 mammalian species of which at least 15 are threatened as per IUCN Red List. Other prominent fauna inside the Park include the Gaur, Sambar, the Indian Muntjac, Wild Boar, Hog Deer, Leopards, Jungle Cat, the Fishing Cat, the Hispid Hare, Indian Grey Mongooses, Civets, Bengal Fox, Golden Jackal, Sloth Bear, Chinese and Indian Pangolins, Hog Badger and Chinese Ferret Badger. Some of the primate species found here includes, the Assamese Macaque, the Capped Golden Langur, and the Hoolock Gibbons. The Ganges Dolphins are also found within the rivers flowing through the Kaziranga. Over 42 species of fishes have been identified here while the reptiles of the Park include the larger species of Pythons, King Cobras, Vipers, Kraits, Monitor Lizards and over 15 species of turtles.
Jeep & Elephant Safaris are available at the Park; private vehicles are also permitted, however, when accompanied by official guides. Hiking is strictly prohibited in order to avoid human & animal contact. The main entrance to the Park is located at Kohora, on the National Highway No.37, from Guwahati to Jorhat.