Saoner is a town and tehsil headquarter in north part of Nagpur district in state of Maharashtra, India. The town is governed by Saoner municipal council. It is 36 kilometres (22 mi) from Nagpur city. It is well connected to Nagpur by road and a narrow gauge railway. Saoner is located on the bank of Kolar River.
Saoner is said to be mentioned in the Jaimini Ashwamedh under the name of Saraswatpur, and there are many legends connected with it.Ancient temple of Ganpati and Mahadeo are located at the neighbouring village of Adasa, on a hill,which is said to have been one of the gates of a great ancient city. There are also remains of a large stone fort with corner towers built for protection against the habitual raids of the Pindaris.
Saoner was a town of importance under the Bhonsla dynasty and has been a municipality since 1862. The octroi tax was abolished in 1876, and since then the municipal income has been small, but during the recent years of cotton prosperity it has been expanded to Rs. 9000, which is derived chiefly from a house-tax, a small conservancy cess, bazar dues, cotton-market dues and cattle registration fees. Until very recent years lack of funds served to discourage municipal enterprise. Only the schools were maintained and some sanitation effected. But quite lately an excellent cotton-market has been constructed.
It is nearly four acres in extent, is well fenced, and has a weighing machine and two wells. Near it land has been acquired by the town, and on this substantial dwellings and shops are being erected by private lessees. Saoner is also of historic importance due to its role in the 1942 Quit India Movement against the British.
This small town is famous for its coal mines, textile and paper industry. The primary occupation of its people is farming. Nearly 65% of the people are engaged in growing oranges on 80% of available nearby land. But in recent days coal mines has brought new employment opprtunities in this region. Saoner is part of Ramtek (Lok Sabha constituency). The local language is Marathi but a few people also speak Hindi.