Shamli is a city and district headquarters in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh and a major centre of the sugar and gud in Western Uttar Pradesh, also commonly known as the Upper Doab region. Shamli was declared as a district in September 2011, almost 150 years after it was stripped of its administrative importance by the British following its role and prominence in India's first war of Independence in 1857.
It is located on the Delhi–Saharanpur
super highway. It is 98Km km from Delhi, 38 km from Panipat and 65 km from Saharanpur40 from muzzafarnagar. Shamli is known for its old sugar mill called Upper Doab Sugar Mill, and serves as a market city for surrounding villages.
It has an average elevation of 248 metres (814 ft).The city lies on the highways linking major cities in this area, such as Delhi, Meerut
, Karnal, Panipat, Baghpat
and Saharanpur. It lies to the east of the Yamuna river, which marks the borders of two Indian states, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh. The area is called 'Doab' meaning "a place lying in the alluvium of two rivers" — since it is situated in between the two great rivers of India – the Ganges and the Yamuna. It is a major area of sugarcane cultivation and hence an area which attracts the sugar industries. It is a developing city of Western Uttar Pradesh.
Uncha Gaon is a very famous village in district Shamli. The village is almost three kilometer from Kairana. The village is famous for its wrestlers (also called pahalwan) in local language.
Being a part of Western Uttar Pradesh with close proximity to Haryana, the economy of Shamli is largely driven by agriculture and related industries. The land surrounding Shamli is very fertile, and the area was a part of the green revolution that brought a lot of prosperity to the region. Dotted with numerous villages all around, the area is a major centre of wheat and suger cane production.