West Khasi Hills, presently the largest district of Meghalaya, was carved out of the erstwhile Khasi Hills District on the 28th October, 1976. District lies in the central part of the State of Meghalaya. It is bounded on the north-west by Kamrup district of Assam, on the north-east by Ri Bhoi district, on the east by East Khasi Hills district, on the south by Bangladesh, on the west by East Garo and South Garo Hills districts.
The district comprises an area of about 5,247 sq.kms which is 23 percent of the total area of the state. Nongstoin, covering an area of about 76.00 Sq. Kms, is the Headquarter of the District. The district is blessed with a rich heritage of flora comprising of Khasi pines in the higher altitude areas and Teak, Sal,Titachap, Gamari and Makri Sal in the lower reaches. Orchids and pitcher plants are also found in many pockets. However, with the passage of time, owing to the deforestation process most of the species have been depleted.
The fauna of the district includes elephants, apes, monkeys, deer, sambar, tigers, wild boars, bears, leopards and many others. However, due to poaching and deforestation, the number of wild animals have depleted to a great extent. Currently, elephant depredation is the common occurrence due to the fact that their original habitat have been disturbed by the haphazard cutting of trees. Indiscriminate burning of forest and plantation, impedes, the re-generation process.