Cianjur is a city in the West Java province of Indonesia, and is the capital of Cianjur Regency. The city of Cianjur is located along one of the main roads between Jakarta (120 km to the northwest) and Bandung (60 km to the east). The population is about 165,420. Because of its location, some of Cianjur's residents commute to work either in Bandung or in Jakarta.
The road on which Cianjur is located used to be the main (extremely busy) road from Jakarta to Bandung but was in effect replaced as the main road link between these two main cities when the Jakarta-Bandung tollroad was fully completed in 2005.
Cianjur was founded in 1677, with the first head of the city being R.A Wiratanudatar I, entitled Dalem Cikundul, as the descendant from the old Sundanese kingdom of Pajajaran.
The city mainly produces agricultural products, especially rice, and it has been known as the major source of rice production for the heavily populated Java island besides Karawang.More than 75 people were killed in the earthquake of 2 September 2009.
After being dormant for about 2 years, the train called Siliwangi between Sukabumi and Cianjur was reactivated on 8 February 2014. It is faster than the buses which usually are trapped in traffic jams, but the cost of a train ticket is double that of using buses.