The Sun Yat-sen Museum Penang (Malay: Muzium Sun Yat-sen di Pulau Pinang; Chinese: 孫中山槟城基地博物館), formerly called the Sun Yat-sen Penang Base, is a museum in George Town, Penang, Malaysia. The museum is dedicated to Sun Yat-sen, a nationalist from China who established the Chinese Republic in 1912 after his efforts in Xinhai Revolution.
The Sun Yat-sen Museum Penang is in a historic house. The museum building is the same house where Sun Yat-sen devised many of his plans to overthrow the Qing Dynasty. In 1910, acting on the immense support among overseas Chinese for the ousting of the Qing dynasty, Sun shifted the southeast Asian headquarters of the Tongmenghui party to Penang.
When Sun first brought his family to Penang in 1910, the building housed the reading club Penang Philomatic Union. The club was a cover for Sun's political party. That same year, Sun established the world's oldest Chinese newspaper. It was in this building that Sun Yat-sen delivered his famous speech at the Penang Conference.
The building was constructed circa 1880. It was built to be a residential townhouse. A superb example of Straits Settlements merchant's home and with an unusual length of over 130 feet (40 metres), the building is a living example of the architectural heritage of Penang. Numerous of the building's original features, which include a cozy courtyard garden, a quaint timber staircase, beautifully patterned floor tiles, and large beams, survive to this day. The interior is equally splendid. Old blackwood Straits Chinese furniture and ornately carved wooden screens add an ambiance of the olden days. The fidelity to the past extends to the kitchen, which has the original firewood stove and kitchen utensils.
In 1926 ownership of the house passed to a Hokkien merchant, Ch’ng Teong Swee. Today, the house is owned by his granddaughter Khoo Salma Nasution, a writer and heritage advocate. The house was extensively renovated in 2010–11, with special changes to its façade and roof. The craftsman for the renovation project came from Quanzhou, southern China.
The Sun Yat Sen Heritage Trail, which is Southeast Asia
’s first of its kind, starts from the Sun Yat Sen Museum. It was developed by Penang Heritage Trust in 2010. It links more than a dozen heritage sites associated with Sun Yat Sen and his supporters.