Tangkak is a district capital of Ledang, in the state of Johor, Malaysia. It lies close to the neighbouring state of Melaka, especially to Jasin town and district of the state and about half an hour drive from Melaka city centre. The town is nicknamed "Fabric Town" or "Syurga Kain" in honor of its many cloth shops. It is also well known as Gunung Ledang (Mount Ophir), which is the highest mountain in Johor, just 17 km from the town centre of Tangkak. The mountain is clearly visible from any part of Tangkak.
Tangkak is located north of the state of Johore and is the second largest town formerly in the district of Muar. Founded in the year 1901 at the foot of Mt. Ophir (1276m high) and was under the direct control of Muar district then. In the year 1946, the local council was established and was governed by the Assistant District Officer who in turn reported to the Muar District Office in those days. According to hearsay, the word Tangkak came from the word MERANGKAK. It was believed that Long Mahmud had led 7 brothers from the Riau Province to start the first settlement that is now known as Tangkak. These 7 brothers had sailed from Riau Province and sailing along the Kesang River finally arrived at Tangkak River. They saw the flat land and decided to stay put at the place.
Unfortunately they had difficulties getting up the river bank as their legs got stuck at the slippery river mud. They had to use the roots of trees to help them to get on land. When other settlers asked them the name of the place, they will answer TANG MERANGKAK TU. Over a period of time, it was shortened to TANGKAK, the name we all know today. Tangkak has an extensive network of roads including proximity to the North-South Expressway and a police organization that would soon be upgraded as a Police District Headquarters. The town is served by the Tangkak District Hospital which offers assistance to many highway mishaps and numerous primary health centres. Tangkak District Hospital also serves as a teaching hospital for Melaka Manipal Medical College.