Jedburgh (Scots Gaelic Deadard) (/ˈdʒɛdbərə/; Scots: Jeddart/Jethart, is a town and former royal burgh in the Scottish Borders and historically in Roxburghshire.
Jedburgh lies on the Jed Water, a tributary of the River Teviot. It is only 10 miles (16 km) from the border with England, and is dominated by the substantial ruins of Jedburgh Abbey. Other notable buildings in the town include Mary, Queen of Scots' House, Jedburgh Castle Jail, now a museum, and the Carnegie library.
The Town Today:
The town's population in 2001 was 4,090 although this has now dropped to around 4,000.
The ruined abbey was the site of a major archaeological dig in 1984. It is maintained by Historic Scotland and open to the public (there is an entry fee). Many of the more important finds from the excavation are displayed on site in the modern visitor centre attached to the Abbey ruins. The Abbey, though much damaged over the years, especially by invasions from England, is still one of the finest late Norman buildings remaining in Scotland. Now roofless, part of the church was used as the parish church into the 19th century. Jedburgh Castle Jail, built in the early 19th century on the site of the medieval castle, is also open to the public. Borders traditions like the annual Callant's Festival and bands of pipes and drums add local colour, and delicacies include Jethart Snails and Jethart Pears. Another annual event is the Jethart Hand Ba' game. The Canongate Brig dates from the 16th century, and there are some fine riverside walks. The Capon Oak Tree is reputed to be 2000 years old, and Newgate Prison and the town spire are among the town's older buildings. The town's industries included textiles, tanning and glove-making, grain mills, and electrical engineering. Central to the festival and customs associated with the town of Jedburgh are the Jedforest Instrumental Band who support many civic, religious and social events throughout the year, a service provided consistently since 1854.
Free Wi-Fi has been provided around the town since the summer of 2008.