Suwon is the capital and largest metropolis of Gyeonggi-do, South Korea's most populous province which surrounds Seoul, the national capital. Suwon lies about 30 km (19 mi) south of Seoul. It is traditionally known as "The City of Filial Piety". With a population close to 1.2 million, it is larger than Ulsan Metropolitan City, although it is not governed as a metropolitan city.
Suwon has existed in various forms throughout Korea's history, growing from a small settlement in tribal times to a major industrial and cultural city today. It is the only remaining completely walled city in South Korea. As such, the city walls are one of the more popular tourist destinations in Gyeonggi Province. As an industrial center, it houses a Samsung Electronics R&D center and headquarters. It is served by two motorways, the national railway network and the Seoul Metropolitan Subway, facilitating transport of commuters, tourists, and goods alike.
Suwon is a major educational center, being home to 11 university campuses. This, along with widespread transport links, draws inhabitants from across the country and a foreign population of 1.85%.
Suwon is known domestically as a footballing city. The Suwon Samsung Bluewings Football Club has won the K-league on four occasions and AFC Champions League twice.
Hwaseong Fortress is Suwon's most notable attraction. Built in 1796, the entire city used to be encircled by the walls, but now Suwon has expanded beyond this boundary. Hwaseong is also listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Haenggung Palace, within Hwaseong, is another noteworthy historical attraction. On completion of the Bundang Line extension, Suwon will also be only a few stops from Singal, the location of the Korean Folk Village, and the Everland theme park is nearby in Yongin.
The path around the walls of Hwaseong Fortress is popular with locals and tourists for sightseeing and walking. Manseok Park in northern Suwon has a 1200m track around a lake. Other facilities at Manseok Park include tennis (indoor & outdoor), soccer (dirt and artificial turf) and the Suwon X-Games skatepark. Various other parks are dotted around Suwon and several ski resorts and hiking trails are within easy reach of the city.
Travel and tourism:
Including Suwon Hwaseong, Suwon city offers various tracking, tour and festivals for tourists.
Suwon has several sports facilities, including an archery field, badminton courts, ten-pin bowling lanes, indoor swimming pools, tennis courts, soft tennis courts and football pitches.
Suwon Gymnasium hosted the handball events in the 1988 Summer Olympics; it has a capacity of 5,145.
Suwon is home to the Suwon World Cup Stadium, a venue during the 2002 FIFA World Cup and home to K League Classic team Suwon Samsung Bluewings. K League Challenge team Suwon FC home stadium is Suwon Sports Complex.
The city was also the base of the Korean Baseball Organization team Hyundai Unicorns (now defunct, team now changed to Heroes based in Seoul), which played beside the Suwon Sports Complex, and the Samsung Thunders (Men's Basketball team), Samsung Life Bichumi (Women's Basketball team).
Suwon are planned a 10-team of the Korean Baseball Organization team. It is KT Corporation.
Suwon has three major multiplex theaters: Megabox and CGV theaters in the Suwon Station complex in the city center, as well as Kinex 5 in the district of Yeongtong-gu. There are also other theaters that show fewer foreign films: Cinema Town, Taehan Theater, Piccadilly Theater, Jungang Theater, Royal Theater, Dano Theater and Dano Art Hall.
Woncheon in the Yeongtong-gu district also has two amusement parks, Woncheon Greenland and Woncheon Lakeland.
Suwon City Council prides itself on the condition of its public lavatories. It has made efforts in recent years to ensure that new lavatories are clean and while improving existing facilities. There are now guided bus tours of the municipal restrooms offered for visitors.