Luxmanda is an archaeological site located in the north-central Babati District of Tanzania. It was discovered in 2012. Excavations in the area have identified it as the southernmost terminus of the Savanna Pastoral Neolithic, an agropastoral culture associated with the earliest Cushitic-speaking settlers in the African Great Lakes. Worked bone, ivory and ostrich eggshell assemblages in addition to livestock and human fossils have been recovered from the site. Radiocarbon dating of human collagen, organic matter in ceramic artifacts, and charcoal indicate that it was occupied during a period between 3,200 to 2,900 years ago.
Admixture clustering analysis of a 3,100 year old female skeleton exhumed at Luxmanda found that the ancient individual carried a large proportion of ancestry related to the Pre-Pottery Neolithic culture of the Levant, as well as gene flow from neighboring hunter-gatherer populations (ca. 4,500 ybp). Haplogroup analysis also indicated that the specimen bore the L2a1 mtDNA clade. This altogether suggests that, through in situ interaction with the adjacent forager communities, the makers of the Savanna Pastoral Neolithic were responsible for spreading ancient Levant-related ancestry in the lacustrine region where they had established new settlements.