Ümraniye (pronounced [ymˈɾaːnije]) is a very large working class district of Istanbul, Turkey, with a population of over 650,000. It became district in 1987 by secession from Üsküdar. Also; Ömerli, Koçullu, Sırapınar and Hüseyinli villages were separated from Beykoz district in same year. Finally, Nişantepe quarter passed from Samandıra, where bounded to Kartal, to Alemdar, where bounded to Ümraniye in 2002. It has 7 municipalities: Ümraniye, Çekmeköy, Sarıgazi, Yenidoğan, Taşdelen (formerly Sultançiftliği), Alemdar (formerly Alemdağ) and Ömerli. Its neighbours are; Şile the northeast, Kartal the southeast, Kadıköy the south, Üsküdar the west and Beykoz the northwest. The mayor is Hasan Can (AKP).
Ümraniye is located on high ground just inland from Üsküdar. It began as a small village of under 900 people mainly immigrated from Black Sea Region, but in the early 1950s. Its population grew far beyond its capacity during the 1970s and 1980s due to migration to the cities from rural areas of Anatolia.
With its natural landscape and urban design, Ümraniye was chosen as the cleanest district of Istanbul by ISTAC. Recently there has been a great deal of change in Ümraniye. Large shopping malls and entertainment centers have opened everywhere. Many housing projects have been developed in Umraniye to address the needs of all classes. Ümraniye is one of the fastest growing areas in Istanbul.
In the last few decades, Ümraniye has built a lively shopping and business district. Numerous international businesses are now based in Umraniye, which attract young, well-educated people from all over Turkey. At Ümraniye, you can find 34 kindergarten, 61 primary School and 9 high schools, as well as 22 sport-centers, and 29 hospitals and clinics. There are numerous athletic and cultural activities in Umraniye at 40 parks, 3 movie theaters and 3 theaters.
Recent building projects include the construction of large shopping malls (including Istanbul's first branch of IKEA), and modern apartments complexes have made parts of Ümraniye attractive places for people to buy real estate, especially as Ümraniye is on a main highway that leads to one of the two bridges linking the Asian and European sides of Istanbul. A car ride from Ümraniye to Mecidiyeköy, a business center on the European side of the city, may only take around 20 minutes in good traffic. Ümraniye also provides easy access to Üsküdar, Kadıköy and Ataşehir, the business capital of the Asian side of Istanbul.
Places of Importance:
In between Üsküdar and Ümraniye there is a 'çilehane' of the Sufi saint Aziz Mahmud Hudayi. A çilehane (cheelay-hahnay, lit. 'despair house') was where Sufis would go to pray in seclusion.
The Haldun Alagaş Sports Hall is located here, which is named after the multiple world and European champion of Karate. The venue hosts both national and international basketball, volleyball, handball games and martial art competitions.
There is a newly made forestress where people can have walk and picnic. In some parts of Ümraniye,the full scene of Istanbul,including Bosphorus and European Side,can be seen easily. Also,Çamlıca hill is very close.